The City of San Juan (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Juan) is a city in Metro Manila in the Philippines. Before the creation of Metro Manila, it was part of Rizal Province. Currently the smallest city in the region and the country in terms of area, San Juan is one of the smallest among the cities and municipalities in the metropolis, second only to Pateros. This was the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the Filipino revolutionary organization, against the Spanish colonizers.
During the pre-Spanish times, San Juan was a mere village until it became a small encomienda in 1590. Formerly a barrio of Santa Ana de Sapa, which was ruled by King Lacantagean and his wife Bouan, the town derived its name from the patron saint San Juan de Bautista (Saint John the Baptist), and “Del Monte,” often annexed to it, was named after the hilly structure of the land.
In 1602, the Dominican friars built a retreat house for their immediate use, where aging convalescing friars stayed. Later, the Dominicans Constructed a convent sanctuary and a stone church dedicated to the Holy Cross, a church destined to be ravaged during the Spanish occupation. To this day, the thrice-rebuilt Church of the Holy Cross stands on the same site, with the Aquinas School for the boys and the Dominican College for the girls. In 1783, San Juan became independent of Sta. Ana but it was still then a barrio.
History remained silent in the town of San Juan until August 30, 1896 when Spanish-Filipino war erupted and became the most inspiring battle in our history, the Battle of San Juan Del Monte.
San Juan: A City of Excellence
1. Formulate and adopt plans and programs of the City
2. Develop human resources through accessible programs from local, national and international sources.
3. Enact relevant legislation responsive to the needs of the city.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9388 [H. No. 5828]
An Act Converting the Municipality of San Juan Into a Highly Urbanized City to be Known as the City of San Juan
Conversion of the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly-Urbanized City
For quite some time, the effort to convert the Municipality into a highly-urbanized city had been difficult. Not only because of its small land area and limited income, but its population, according the National Statistics Office, seemed to be decreasing every census year despite the influx of people due to establishment of high-rise condominiums and business enterprises in the municipality.
In 2006, Representative Ronaldo Zamora re-filed the cityhood bill in the House of Representatives geared with a special computation of its population and boasting of the remarkable 200% increase in its income. It was approved and later forwarded to the Philippine Senate. Both Houses approved the bill and, on March 2008, it was transmitted to the Office of the President for signature. The 30-day veto period lapsed which automatically entitled the provision to a plebiscite.
After months of campaign, the plebiscite was held and received more than 96% of YES votes. On June 17, 2008, Republic Act 9388 Converting the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly Urbanized City was approved.
“Your Say, Juan!” e-participation system enables, engages and empowers San Juan City
stakeholders for the betterment of the community. It offers a platform wherein the city
government and key offices can deliver relevant issues to other stakeholders. Moreover, San
Juan residents can influence their government through voicing out opinions, ideas and concerns
on matters that affect them. With the active participation of the citizens, the government is aided
to achieve good governance among their people.
The e-participation system concerns three main modules catering to various challenges both the
city government and residents experience. The first, Information Repository, is responsible for
delivering important information to stakeholders of San Juan City through news articles, blog
articles, and posted city events. This enables the stakeholders to make informed opinions. Policy
Management is the second module wherein information on legislations being implemented is
made available. Stakeholders are able to input their opinions on the existing policies alerting the
city government for the need for improvement on such.
Furthermore, legislations being drafted
are presented so that citizens are given the chance to help improve the current policy drafts, or
they may file their own drafts, for the betterment of the entire community. Not only does “Your
Say, Juan!” allows interaction between the city government and the citizens but also allows
citizens interact with other members of their community through the Virtual Community
Module. This provides barangays and sectors with an online platform for announcements,
addressing concerns and such.